Saturday, May 13, 2006

Knowledge Mapping

Knowledge mapping

Karol I. Pelc

Chapter in: D. Clarke (ed.) Theory of Technology, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, NJ, 2005,
p. 25 – 34.


Knowledge mapping is applied for analysis of the emerging discipline of management of technology and identifying its source disciplines such as economics, management science, psychology, engineering sciences, systems science, and sociology.. Influence of three paradigms: (1) engineering management paradigm, (2) technology management paradigm, and (3) technological entrepreneurship paradigm is also presented as an evolutionary mechanism for the new discipline.
Technology Management in Japan

Strategic management of technology in Japanese firms

Kurokawa, S., Pelc, K. I., Fujisue, K.

International Journal of Technology Management, 2005, 30, 3 & 4, p. 223 – 247.


The paper reviews literature on strategic management of technology in Japanese firms. It is divided into five sections, namely: 1. Technology strategy, 2. Inter-firm technological relations, 3. Knowledge management, 4. New product development, and 5. Japanese innovation system and policy. The authors examine literature on technology strategy, including general strategy, studies on de facto standards, global technology strategy, and studies on small high-tech firms. Then, they investigate inter-firm relations, such as keiretsu and supplier management, technological alliances, spin-offs, and R&D consortia. Finally they review studies on new product development processes and tools, and technology policy, followed by implications for further research.

Saturday, May 06, 2006

Theory of Technology

On Adam Smith and a Theory of Technology

Karol I. Pelc

Review of definitions and theoretical works concerning technology suggests that different disciplinary frameworks lead to very different interpretations of that basic term. These interpretations are presented in the literature of such disciplines as economics, philosophy, sociology, psychology etc. In search for coherent background and a model of technology, a study of Adam Smith’s (1723 – 1790) historic works and statements was conducted. A hypothesis is formulated that Smith’s economic, social, ethical and legal concepts are relevant to contemporary theory of technology. This connection has been explored. Even though the term technology has never appeared in the Smith’s writings, his concepts refer to multiple aspects of technology and its impact on society. These concepts include: barter and exchange, division of labor, arts and manufactures, inventions, patents, and utility. Mapping of those concepts into a set of attributes of technology, as an object of management, is proposed. It is graphically demonstrated and described.

Keywords: Adam Smith, technology attributes, technology definition, technology model, technology theory, economics history.